AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde <p><strong>AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment)</strong> publishes papers on innovative applications, development of new technologies, and efficient solutions in agriculture, engineering, computing, social, information technology, food, energy and scientific research to improve knowledge and practice in the field of purposeful community change: rural and community development, geography and regional planning, rural cooperatives, community health, capacity building, social work, community empowerment, sustainable development, human resource development, social capital, economics, urban studies, student community service activities, and relevant subjects.</p> en-US ajarcde.safenetwork@gmail.com (Prof. Dr. Novizar Nazir) jufriadifnaam@upiyptk.ac.id (Prof. Dr. Jufriadif Na`am) Fri, 05 Jan 2024 08:55:37 +0700 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Egg Shells as an Adsorbent for the Adsorption of Lead (Pb) and Iron (Fe) Metals https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/349 <p>An eggshell is estimated to have around 10,000–20,000 pores; this condition created a chance for the eggshells to be used as an adsorbent. This research aims to activate egg shells used as an adsorbent. Egg shells were applied as an adsorbent in solutions of lead (Pb) and iron (Fe). Test parameters for adsorption capacity were carried out on the optimum mass and absorption contact time with lead (Pb) and iron (Fe) while using the eggshell waste as an adsorbent. The adsorbent quality of egg shells was tested using parameters such as ash content, water content, and adsorption capacity towards methyl blue. This research aims to utilize egg shells as an adsorbent to absorb lead (Pb) and iron (Fe) content using an adsorption process. There are 3 stages of a method for this research to establish: adsorbent preparation, adsorbent activation, and the adsorption process. The adsorption process was carried out with variations of the mass sample, which are 0.75 grams, 1 gram, 1.25 grams, 1.50 grams, and 2 grams and time variations when contact occurred in 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 minutes. The outcome of this research showed that the highest adsorption capacity at the optimum mass of Pb metal was 1.5 grams at 98.914% and for Fe metal at 96.386%. The highest adsorption capacity results were influenced by Pb metal contact time in 40 minutes, which was 99.30%, and the best capacity for adsorption of Fe metal was at a contact time in 50 minutes, which was 99.82%.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Eka Sri Yusmartini Yusmartini, Mardwita Mardwita, Atikah Atikah, Suli Cahaya Kaswari Copyright (c) 2024 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/349 Fri, 05 Jan 2024 08:56:26 +0700 Developing the Spirit of Entrepreneurship through Training in Making Sprinkle Chili Powder (Bon Cabe) https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/356 <table width="662"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="393"> <p>Entrepreneurship is a constantly changing field, and people are always looking for chances to start businesses that will not only help them reach their own goals but also grow their communities' economies. One way is to make Sprinkle Chili Powder, which is also known as Bon Cabe. Many people love this versatile and well-known condiment, which makes it a great business chance for people who want to start their own business. To use this potential, a full training program has been created to encourage people to be entrepreneurial and teach them how to make high-quality Bon Cabe.&nbsp; Consumers will tend to choose products with attractive packaging, compared to products whose packaging is plain or simple and unattractive. There are quite a lot of chilli products produced in the <strong>Sidekarya Farmer Group</strong>.&nbsp; The process of processing chilli products into chilli bonds produced by partners is very constrained, especially in product processing, packaging and marketing according to prices. The main problem that will be the focus of solving the problem is how to make processed chillies into BonCabe (Sprinkle Chili Powder) and improve the product packaging so that it can attract consumers to buy products,&nbsp; Participants who want to get into the lucrative business of Bon Cabe making can use this training program as a stepping stone. Participants will not only learn the skills they need to be great entrepreneurs, but they will also help the local economy grow and become more diverse by combining classroom learning with hands-on experience. The program shows how real training can change the lives of people who want to become entrepreneurs and help them reach their full potential. It's not just about producing a well-liked condiment; it's also a life-changing event that enables people to turn their dreams into successful businesses.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Ni Made Ayu Gemuh Rasa Astiti, Anak Agung Made Semaryani Copyright (c) 2024 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/356 Sat, 06 Jan 2024 19:36:42 +0700 Quantification of Touch DNA on Glass, Plastic, and Ceramic Glasses https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/365 <p>In Indonesia, there are many criminal cases. Every criminal offender will certainly bring and leave something at the crime scene that can be used as a trial or evidence. In addition, perpetrators who accidentally or intentionally come into contact with surrounding objects can cause the transfer of trace evidence to these objects. DNA touch left on an object can provide information about the identity of individuals in contact with that object. This study aimed to determine the quantity and quality of DNA Touch in glasses made of glass, plastic, and ceramic that were touched by one proband and two probands. DNA extraction was carried out using the 5% Chelex method. using Univariate and one-way ANOVA. DNA quality was observed based on the comparison results of Å260 and Å280 on the SimpliNano spectrophotometer. The results showed that the concentration of DNA in glass, plastic and ceramics was not significantly different in each treatment. There was no interaction between the type of glass and hand touch, the average DNA concentration. Extracted DNA showed poor quality</p> Novenalitha K. Sinukaban , I Ketut Junitha, Ni Nyoman Wirasiti , Ni Luh Suriani Copyright (c) 2024 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/365 Thu, 11 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0700 Analysis of the Financial Feasibility of Producing an Instant Drink Mixed with Siamese Orange Peel Extract and Cinnamon Extract https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/366 <p>Instant drinks are now increasingly popular among people. Because its practical use makes it easier for people to consume it. Then, along with the need to maintain health, drinks made from herbal ingredients have also become the people’s choice. One of the herbal ingredients that can be used is Siamese orange peel and cinnamon. The two ingredients are extracted and dried with a spray dryer, and the powder obtained is added with stevia sugar (1:3) and then packaged in 2 grams/sachet. Feasibility analysis is needed to determine whether this instant drink is feasible if used as a production business. From several financial aspects, the Break Event Point (BEP) receipt was IDR 68,480,496, the BEP production volume was 5,707 boxes, and the BEP price was IDR 8,965/box. Then, the eligibility criteria used are Net Present Value (NPV) obtained at IDR 13,049,296 (NPV&gt;0), Internal Rate of Return (IRR) 16.59% (IRR&gt;interest rate), Net Benefit Cost Ratio (Net B/C) 1.23 (Net B/C&gt;1), and Payback Period (PP) 1 year 4 months (PP&lt;age of business).</p> Anesti Viantika Gea, Tuty Anggraini, Fauzan Azima Copyright (c) 2024 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/366 Tue, 16 Jan 2024 09:25:51 +0700 Tourist Growth and Adaptation of Local Community in Komodo National Park and Labuan Bajo, Manggarai Barat Regency, Indonesia https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/367 <p>The surge in tourism within Komodo National Park and Labuan Bajo, located in the Manggarai Barat Regency of Indonesia, presents both opportunities and challenges for the local community and the environment. This study provides a comprehensive analysis of the significant increase in tourist arrivals and its implications on the ecological and social dynamics of the region. The allure of Komodo National Park's unique biodiversity and Labuan Bajo's picturesque landscapes has led to an unprecedented influx of tourists, emphasizing the critical need for sustainable tourism practices. This research examines the multifaceted impact of this growth on local communities, focusing on shifts in traditional livelihoods, the emergence of environmental pressures, and the strategies implemented to harmonize tourism development with ecological conservation. The study also explores various initiatives undertaken to mitigate the adverse effects of tourism, including community-based tourism projects and sustainable tourism policies. By offering a detailed assessment of these dynamics, the study provides valuable insights into effectively managing the challenges of tourism expansion in ecologically sensitive areas, ensuring the well-being of local communities, and preserving the region's natural heritage.</p> Imelda Masni Juniaty Sianipar, I Wayan Koko Suryawan Copyright (c) 2024 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/367 Sun, 14 Jan 2024 18:40:50 +0700 Supply Chain Priority Strategy and Added Value of Jackfruit in Tambang Sub-District, Kampar District, Riau Province https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/368 <p>This research aimed to a) identify the flow of the jackfruit supply chain; b) obtain the added value of the jackfruit chips agroindustry; c) analyze the level of efficiency of the jackfruit chips agroindustry; d) formulate strategies and determine strategic priorities for increasing the supply chain and added value of jackfruit. The methods used in this research are both qualitative and quantitative. The research stage starts by analyzing the jackfruit supply chain using a framework of the food supply chain network (FSCN), calculating the added value of chips in the jackfruit chips agroindustry using the Hayami method and analyzing the level of efficiency of the jackfruit chips agroindustry. The researchers then formulate a strategy using SWOT and select priority strategies using the method of analytical hierarchy process (AHP). The research results showed that the supply chain structure consists of two structures, namely structure 1 (supplier-jackfruit chips agroindustry-consumer) and structure 2 (supplier-jackfruit chips agroindustry-retail-consumer). The flow of goods occurs from suppliers to consumers, the flow of money from consumers to suppliers, and the flow of information from suppliers to consumers and vice versa. The calculation of added value obtained from micro, small, and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Sinar Hidayah was IDR 8,198.71/kg, Usaha Baru Ibu was IDR 13,960.58/kg, and Restu was IDR 4,718.75/kg. The R/C ratio in SME Sinar Hidayah is 1.72, Usaha Baru Ibu is 2.42, and Restu is 1.26. Based on the results of the strategy formulation, the priority strategy was obtained, namely expanding the raw material and marketing network for jackfruit chips with a weight of 0.331, and the selected criteria was logistics with a weight of 0.322.</p> Arum Rovarti Ningsih, Santosa, Azrifirwan Copyright (c) 2024 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/368 Thu, 18 Jan 2024 16:13:09 +0700 The Effect of Applying Azolla Liquid Organic Fertilizer in the Growth of Oil Palm Seedlings in Pre-Nursery https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/369 <table width="662"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="393"> <p>The development and replanting of smallholder oil palm is rapid and massive; its success from the beginning is determined, among others, by sufficient quantities of seeds with good quality. Nutrient management is the highest priority in nurseries, and along with strengthening the application of sustainability principles in the palm oil industry, alternative sources of nutrients other than inorganic fertilizers are needed. This study aimed to determine the right concentration of Azolla liquid organic fertilizer to increase the growth of oil palm seedlings in pre-nursery. The study was a single factor arranged in a completely randomized design. The studied treatment of POC Azolla concentrations of 100, 85, 75, 65, 55, 45, 35, 25, 15%, plus compost treatment of Azolla solids, NPKMg (15-15-6-4) and urea with 8 repetitions. Required seedlings (9+3) x 8 = 96 polybags. The results showed that applying Azolla POC <em>&nbsp;concentration of 15-35% and solid Azolla </em>compost provided the growth of oil palm seedlings in the pre-nursery, which tended to be better than inorganic fertilizers. POC in this concentration range also results in a better seedling root system, thus potentially increasing the adaptability of oil palm seedlings after being transplanted on permanent land</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Pauliz Budi Hastuti , Herry Wirianata, R Yunita, Agus Manto Copyright (c) 2024 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/369 Sun, 21 Jan 2024 09:41:05 +0700 Utilization of Suji Leaves Extract (Pleomele Angustifolia N.E Brown) in Inhibiting Carrageenan-Induced Inflammation on Rats https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/371 <p>Suji leaf (<em>Pleomele angustifolia</em> N.E. Brown) has long been used as an ingredient for traditional medicines. This study seeks to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of suji leaf extract in terms of its ability to reduce oedema in the hind paws of rats. Six groups were treated: negative control, positive control given diclofenac sodium as anti-inflammatory medication, two groups of suji leaf extract powder (SEP) with doses of 300 and 800 mg/kg, acetone extract of suji leaf (AES), and a group of acetone extract of SEP (EA-SEP) at a dose of 500 mg/kg with oral administration. Injections of 1% carrageenan suspension into the right hind paw of rats induced inflammation. The results demonstrated that SEP administered at a dose of 800 mg/kg has an inflammatory capacity (80.56%), AES (56.94%), and AE-SEP (75.7%). Chlorophyll, total phenol, and antioxidant capacity in SEP (9.0809 mg /g sample; 3.7354 mg GAE/g sample; 3.04 mg AAE/g sample), AES (4.6471 mg /g sample; 0.9994 mg GAE/g sample; 3.26 mg AAE/g sample), and AE-SEP (6.4912 mg /g sample; 2.1703 mg GAE/g sample; 2.55 mg AAE/g sample). According to qualitative test results, Suji extract contains bioactive compounds of the flavonoid group, saponins, steroids, and triterpenoids. It is believed that phenolic compounds function as anti-inflammatory agents.</p> Reni Koja, Endang Prangdimurti, Puspo Edi Giriwono Copyright (c) 2024 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/371 Fri, 09 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0700