AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde <p><strong>AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment)</strong>&nbsp;publishes papers on innovative applications, development of new technologies and efficient solutions in agriculture, engineering, computing, social, information technology, food, energy and scientific research to improve knowledge and practice in the field of purposive community change: Rural and community development, geography and regional planning, rural cooperatives, community health; capacity building, social work, community empowerment, sustainable development, human resource development; social capital, economic development, urban studies, student community service activities, and relevant subjects.</p> Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network) en-US AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) 2581-0405 The Uplifting the Performance of Selected Learners Through the Use of Modular Approach and Online Teaching in the New Normal https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/147 <p>This study aimed to find out if there was an uplift in the performance of selected learners using modular approach and online teaching with intervention in the new normal. This study used the quantitative type of research and the descriptive-correlation method to collect the data pertinent to the issue of uplifting the performance of selected learners using a modular approach and online teaching in the new normal education system.</p> <p>The academic performance from the school record and a survey questionnaire as tools were used to gather the information needed for this study. Total enumeration of sampling technique, since they are a small group with a total of thirty (30) Grade 11 senior high school students from one section as participants in this study. The respondents of this study are the selected learners from Tañong High School in one section this school year 2021-2022 under the modular approach and online teaching in the new normal education system.</p> <p>The results revealed that the academic performance of the selected learners form Tañong High School was very good with an 85.2 weighted mean; the level effectiveness of the modular approach and online teaching is fairly effective, indicating that the modular approach and online teaching are to be uplifted the performance of learners; and there is a substantial or somehow effective connection between academic performance and effectiveness using the modular approach and online teaching as indicated by the Pearson Correlation.</p> Gerwin R. Lucero Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 7 1 1 5 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.147 Glyphosate Application and Potential Eleusine Indica Resistance in Oil Palm Plantations https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/188 <p>Eleusine indica is a grass weed in oil palm plantations, especially during the period of immature crops. The application of glyphosate for weed control shows diverse effectiveness. This study aims to determine the age of susceptible weeds in increasing the effectiveness of glyphosate in controlling E. indica. The study tested the application of glyphosate with three levels (486, 729, and 972 g/ha) at three different weed ages (3, 6, and 9 weeks). E. indica was taken from oil palm plantations that were previously glyphosate-depleted, then sprayed with glyphosate according to the dose studied. Each treatment combination is represented by five pots containing five individual weeds. The results showed that the application of glyphosate aged three and six weeks of higher effectiveness controlled E. indica for doses of 486 and 729 g/ha) than a nine-week application for all doses tested. Regrowth of weeds is found mainly the application of glyphosate at the age of a month of weeks. The development of E. indica's resistance to glyphosate needs attention in oil palm plantations.</p> Abdul Muin Herry Wirianata Teguh Nugraha Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-08-29 2022-08-29 7 1 6 9 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.188 Multitasking Application for Systematic Intervention Program And Games (MASIPAG) in Science: An Evaluation https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/145 <p>Student participation has received a lot of attention in recent decades as a result of moves toward student-centeredness, as well as promising research that suggests a link between student engagement and academic success. The researchers wanted to see how computer-generated software/applications influenced the academic performance of senior high school students. The randomized Pretest-Posttest control group design was used in this study. &nbsp;This study included only 40 students in Grade 11. The cover of the lesson depicts science, and the materials used are computers and cellphones, with Appgeyser serving as the application that the lessons were integrated into. The games were sent to students studying science in grade 11-Life Science and installed on their cellphones by the researchers. Giving a Pre-Test before the lesson and a Post-Test after the lesson was one of the strategies used in this study for each class. For groups 1, the lesson was delivered in a modular format using technology such as a cell phone and a computer application.&nbsp; Based on the data gathered, the researchers concluded that students who used mobile games performed better during the post-test than students who used SLMs. The MASIPAG mobile game was also more effective in teaching life science when compared to modular learning. The use of mobile phone games versus the use of SLMs during pandemic education was found to be significantly different in post-test results. The researcher recommended that&nbsp; teachers use a variety of computer applications in their classrooms based on the findings and conclusions of the study. More strategies for engaging teaching-learning situations should be developed.</p> Arnel Miraflor Annalyn Raboy Julie Ann Ealdama Maureen Joy Maga Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-02 2022-09-02 7 1 10 14 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.145 Effect of Crystal Herbal Beverages Characteristics on Consumers’ Buying Decision of Company “X” in The Special Region of Yogyakarta https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/189 <p>This research aimed to investigate the characteristics of instant herbal beverages (i.e. taste, aroma, colors, ingredients, shelf life, and packaging) produced by Company X. In addition, the effects of its characteristics on the Company X customers' decisions to buy the product in Special Region of Yogyakarta was also studied. &nbsp;The study used the statistics descriptive method. The data were then collected using questionnaires. The total sample of this research was 40 people. They were selected using a convenience sampling technique who live in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. The data were analyzed using the multiple linear regression method. The analysis results showed that the taste of instant herbal beverages produced by Company X was in the moderate category. Meanwhile, the aroma, color, ingredients, shelf life, packaging, and customers' decision were in a good category. Simultaneously, the taste, aroma, colors, ingredients, shelf life, and packaging of the product significantly affected the consumers' decisions to buy the product by 57.8%. Partially, the taste, colors, and shelf life significantly affected the consumers' buying decision of instant herbal beverages produced by Company X.</p> Nur Afifah Rika Nalinda Endah Puspitojati Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-02 2022-09-02 7 1 15 20 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.189 Mathematics Engagement Clinic Grounded on Brain Dominance: Its Effect on Critical and Problem-Solving Skills, and Mathematics Achievement https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/136 <p>Contextualization, localization, and indigenization have touched the ground of the dominant cultural character of learners. The teaching and learning process in the K to 12 curricula has integrated its essence. However, in recent ages,s the border-crossing of digital culture among learners was prevalent in their attitudes and learning preferences. Cognitive preferences such as the students’ brain dominance must be considered in the lesson planning as an additional option. With a transformative worldview through an action research design, the study evoked the effects of Mathematics Engagement Clinic (MEC) grounded on brain dominance or the whole brain theory to critical thinking and problem-solving skills, and mathematics achievement. MEC has different effects on the left and right brain dominant participants in terms of their thinking processes such as critical thinking and problem-solving skills. In particular, left brain dominant participants have a distinct behavioral cognition which the researcher called affirmation behavioral learning. The implication of affirmation behavioral learning to the whole brain theory was a notion that brain dominance groups might have specific behavioral cognition. As for this study, affirmation behavioral learning was evident and observed among left-brain dominant participants. As affirmed by the quantitative results, the enhancement program Mathematics Engagement Clinic (MEC) grounded on the whole brain theory or brain dominance can hone thinking processes such as critical thinking and problem-solving skills, and thereby, improve mathematics achievement. Despite the abnormality distribution of participants in the study MEC has managed to cater to the participants’ preferences. With the positive effect of the enhancement program, MEC grounded on brain dominance on the thinking processes and mathematics achievement of the participants, the researcher has constructed a modular mathematics enhancement program framework as a guide to researchers, and other interested parties in the planning, designing, redesigning and implementing modular mathematics enhancement programs grounded on brain dominance to hone and enhance thinking processes such as critical thinking and problem-solving skills, and thereby, improve mathematics achievement.</p> Rosen Anthony S. Marquez Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-08-02 2022-08-02 7 1 21 30 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.136 Effects of Utilization of Mass Media (Video) in the Academic Performance Children At Risk Due To Pandemic in Grade 2 Pupils of Tayuman Elementary School https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/197 <p>Mass media denotes a section of the media designed to reach a large audience. It can be referred to as a means of public communication such as television, radio and widely circulated newspapers that tend to reach a large audience with similar social characteristics (Mintz, 2015). Thompson (2014), defined mass media as books, magazines, newspapers, radio, television, cinemas, records, tapes and videos. Mass media is as communication media that reach a large audience, especially television, radio and newspaper. Media can be defined broadly as channels of communication. It is considered in terms of its software and hardware (Ogunmilade, 2014).</p> <p>This study therefore hopes to explore the effects of the mass media specifically video lessons on the performance level of the children at risk in Grade 2 coming from different sections of Tayuman Elementary School (TES)</p> <ul> <li>This study has 23 respondents who are the children at risk of dropping out from all the sections of Grade Two. These pupils may fail or drop from the school due to their reasons some of which are uncontrolled. The researcher used the tabulated individual average results of the LOA for the second quarter as the initial&nbsp; basis of the study.</li> <li>The second question was taken from the LOA average results of the 23 pupils who were given the intensive intervention using the video lessons apart from the SLMs and other tasks which they accomplished for the Third quarter.</li> <li>The researcher then compared the LOA results after the intervention sessions using video lessons vis a vis before where the pupils&nbsp; did not undergo any intervention.</li> <li>Then the results were tabulated by the researcher to identify the effects of the intervention administered to the pupils.</li> </ul> <p>Whether the variable of stopping or dropping out from the school in controllable or not, the researcher used one of the mass media which is video lessons in conducting intervention to these pupils. The video lessons are from the Marungko booklet which is modified by the Grade One teachers of Tayuman Elementary School. This experimental study was carried out to show the effects of watching videos/video lessons in the performance of the selected Grade 2 pupils at risk of dropping out and failure.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The finding gave positive results and the videos found out to be beneficial in child’s learning to read and comprehend. Videos help learners put together the ideas of every watching experience.</p> FELIPE OCAMPO Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-04 2022-09-04 7 1 31 33 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.197 Feeding Fermented Livestock from Agricultural Waste to the Bhakti Pertiwi Cattle Group, Belimbing Village, Pupuan District, Tabanan Regency https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/190 <p>The Provincial Government of Bali continues to encourage community farmers to form livestock groups, especially cows through the Integrated Agricultural System (“Simantri”) program since 2009/2010 which is now known as the Integrated Agricultural System (Sipadu). In addition to the program, livestock groups are also formed independently by breeders spread across Bali, one of which is the “Bhakti Pertiwi” livestock group in Belimbing Village, Pupuan-Tabanan which was only formed in 2021. Assistance in empowering its resources is the management of raising cattle and strategies for providing the animal feed. The problem faced by groups and group members is the lack of knowledge in livestock management, especially in the provision of animal feed. Farmers do not yet know which feed ingredients (grass and nuts) are good to give to livestock. As an agricultural area for rice fields and plantations, it produces a lot of agricultural waste in the form of rice straw and plantation waste in the form of coffee husks which still have potential as animal feed. Therefore, in this PKM, besides being given counseling on cattle rearing management, training is also given on the use of several types of agricultural waste as animal feed ingredients through the fermentation process. The result of this activity is that there has been a change in the behavior of group members, namely a change in knowledge about the types of feed ingredients that are good for the livestock. In changing the skills of farmers through the direct practice of how to make fermented feed, it is hoped that it can encourage farmers to utilize agricultural waste, especially rice straw as feed ingredients that can be stored. Therefore, the next group assistance activity is to monitor changes in farmers' attitudes towards the material that has been given.</p> I Dewa Nyoman Sudita Yohanes Parlindungan Situmeang Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-04 2022-09-04 7 1 34 38 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.190 Coffee Skin Processing Becoming Organic Fertilizer in Belantih Village, Kintamani District, Bangli https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/187 <p>Accelerated fermentation of coffee husk waste with the help of a fermenter and molasses solution for a certain time can produce compost which is an organic fertilizer product that provides added value and economic benefits for the community. Compost fertilizer when applied to soil can retain nutrients and water, increase the life of microorganisms in the soil and improve soil fertility and crop yields. This service in Belantih Village is carried out through training, counseling, mentoring, and technology transfer practices. The purpose of PKM is to obtain a composting technology package and strengthen group business management that is optimal and integrated with available natural resources. In this Community Partnership Program activity, the process of making compost based on coffee husk waste was introduced with simple fermentation technology. The community's response was very good to service activities at the Widya Pertiwi Women's Farmer Group. This can be seen from the enthusiasm of the participants or the number of questions submitted to the extension team regarding composting technology and its benefits for agriculture. The resulting compost can be applied to agricultural soils to improve soil physical properties which overall restore soil fertility. Considering the benefits and potential of coffee husk raw materials are very abundant, the prospect of developing organic compost fertilizer is very good in the future. The results obtained from this community service are in the form of a technology package for making compost organic fertilizer based on coffee skin waste and improving management through optimal group institutional strengthening and integration with available natural resources.</p> Yohanes Parlindungan Situmeang I Dewa Nyoman Sudita I Ketut Selamat Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-07 2022-09-07 7 1 39 42 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.187 Chemical Quality Analysis of Male Quick Meat with Rate Containing Fermented Rice Bran https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/199 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong> Quail is a small but fat land fowl. One of the most popular types of quail is the quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Quail is a diversified source of meat and egg products. In raising quail, the cost of feed is very high, reaching 70% of the total cost of quail production. Rice bran is an industrial waste that still has a high enough nutritional value but has the disadvantage that it contains high fiber, to overcome this, it needs to be fermented to improve the quality of the feed ingredients. The protein content of rice bran ranges from 8 -12%, rice bran is very taken into account in the preparation of poultry rations. This study used a completely randomized design with 5 treatments and 3 replications. Each replication consisted of 3 quail so the number of quail used was 45. The treatments were as follows: P0 = Treatment of 100% artificial ration, P1 = Treatment of 95% ration + 5% fermented rice bran, P2 = Treatment of 90% ration + 10% fermented rice bran, P3 = Treatment of 85% ration + 15 % fermented rice bran, P4 = treatment 80% ration + 10% fermented rice bran. The data obtained will be analyzed using variance and if between treatments shows a significant effect, then proceed with Duncan's New Multiple Range Test (DNMRT).. The results showed that the provision of rations containing fermented rice bran had no significant effect (P&gt;0.05) on the variables of Protein Content, Cooking Loss, and Water Holding Capacity, while the water content variable showed significant results (P&lt;0.05). At the level of administration, 20% fermented rice bran produced the optimal chemical quality of male quail meat.</p> I Gusti Ayu Dewi Seri Rejeki Ni Ketut Mardewi Ni Ketut Sri Rukmini A A Sagung Putri Risa Andriani S A M P Suryani Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-08 2022-09-08 7 1 43 46 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.199 Teacher’s Application of the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) in Teaching Oral Communication Towards Instructional Strategies https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/161 <p>The first aim of this descriptive-narrative study is to explore the understandings and attitudes of English teachers of Signal Village National High School regarding adopting Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) in their classroom practices to better understand the appropriateness and effectiveness of Communicative Language Teaching or CLT activities in their classroom teaching practice. The second aim of this research is to investigate and understand the factors that help and hinder secondary teachers’ implementation of CLT in their classrooms.&nbsp; The study has employed nine English teachers in the school where the researcher is currently working for 15 years. The research outcomes and recommendations resulting from this dissertation have the potential to help the English teachers of Signal Village National High School enhance English teaching efficacy in the following areas: it may help them to identify the main impacts of CLT in a local context and this research may provide potential suggestions for English teachers to improve their teaching strategies and to improve students’ communicative competence. Moreover, insights gained from this research may improve the teaching and learning experiences for both teachers and students of Signal Village National High School, Taguig City. The results of this study might also help both teachers and students change from emphasizing grammar-based translation to a communicative approach, which could motivate secondary students to be more focused on communicative activities and improve students’ communicative competence. Lastly, it might assist policy-makers and users to understand the complexity of introducing communicative English teaching into the K to 12 Curriculum.</p> Emma Arana Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-05 2022-09-05 7 1 47 53 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.161 Addition Of Chain Extender To Improve Flexible Polyurethane Foam Characteristics Of Palm Oil Polyol https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/206 <p>The use of 100% palm oil polyol without the addition of a chain extender produced foam which initially expands and then collapses so that the resulting foam has tight pores, dense texture, and brittle (brittle). It was necessary to use a chain extender to improve the flexible properties of the foam. This study aimed to examine the ratio of palm oil polyols with a chain extender to produce flexible polyurethane foam with good characteristics. The treatment of this study was a combination of types and comparisons of palm oil polyols with chain extenders which were carried out 3 times, consisting of factor A = type of chain extender (diethylene glycol (DEG), diethanolamine (DEA), and polyethylene glycol (PEG)-400) and factor B = ratio of palm oil polyols. with a chain extender (80%:20%; 70%:30%; 60%:40%; 50%:50%). The obtained foam was observed visually, foam development, and foam density. The best sample for each type of extender was analyzed by FTIR. The results showed that 40% PEG-400 has succeeded in producing flexible polyurethane foam with higher expansion (291.22%), lower density (29 kg/m<sup>3</sup>), and visually has the best flexible properties. Based on FTIR analysis, the use of PEG-400 in the polyol system can increase the reactivity of palm oil polyols to isocyanates.</p> Neswati - Novizar Nazir Syukri Arief Yurniwati Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-11-07 2022-11-07 7 1 54 60 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.206 Comparative Analysis of Value-Added Analysis at Five Dadiah Agro-industry Centers in West Sumatra Province https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/220 <p>This study aims to compare the value added of buffalo milk processing production into Dadiah at each Dadiah agro-industry center in West Sumatra Province. The research was conducted in five Dadiah agro-industry centers in West Sumatra Province: Agam District, Lima Puluh Kota District, Tanah Datar District, Sijunjung District, and Solok District. The research was conducted in March-July 2022. The research method used is a case study. Respondents in this study were Dadiah entrepreneurs with owner status. The number of respondents in the survey was 31 Dadiah business actors, with respondent criteria The value added analyzed is Dadiah business actors who process high buffalo milk raw materials in each district. Data analysis using the Hayami method. The results showed that in the production of buffalo milk processing into Dadiah the value-added ratio of Dadiah agroindustry in Sijunjung District was 89.83. higher than the value-added ratio of another dadiah agroindustry in West Sumatra Province. Dadiah processing production in every agroindustry in West Sumatra Province provides a high level of profit found in dadiah agroindustry in Sijunjung District. With a profit rate of IDR 69,948.25/Month, higher than other Dadiah agroindustry in West Sumatra Province.</p> Nurul Hathiqah Nurul Kurnia Harlina Dewi Rina Yenrina Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-11-28 2022-11-28 7 1 61 68 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.220 Chemical-Physical Characteristics of Edible Film Incorporated Bali Cattle Hide Gelatin and Encapsulated Gaharu Leaf Extract https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/228 <p>The objectives of this study were to analyze the potential of incorporating bali cattle hide gelatin and gaharu leaf extract encapsulated as an edible film with antioxidant potential. The research method was using Completely Randomized Design, ie concentration of gaharu leaf extract encapsulated (G0 = 0%, G1 = 5%, G2 = 10%, G3 = 15% and G4 = 20%). The results showed that the characteristics of edible films were significantly different (P &lt;0.05), such as moisture content (7.37%) in G4; protein (86.25%) in G0, phenol (10.84 mg / 100 g GAE) in G4 and antioxidant (150.36 mg / L. GAEAC) in G4, and the effect was not significant on ash content of the film. It film thickness, tensile strength, elongation, and water vapor transmission rate of edible film were significant (P &lt;0.05) influence with results for 0.04 mm (G0); 1.64 Mpa (G0); 54.86% (G1) and 11.20 g.mm/m2.day in G4, respectively. The conclusion of the research is edible film of incorporation of balicattle skin bali gelatin and gaharu leaf extract encapsulated with 20% concentration yielding functional characteristics (potency antioxidant) with the highest value. Indicators of chemical characteristics include moisture content (7.37%); ash content (0.49%); protein content (71,98%); phenol (10.84 mg / 100 g GAE) and antioxidant (150.36 mg / L GAEAC). While physical indicators include film thickness (0.02 mm); tensile strength (1.54 MPa); elongation (71.48%) and water vapor transmission rate (11.20 g.mm/m2.day).</p> Miwada Sumirtha Sumadi Ketut Wrasiati Wrasiati Sutama Sutama Tirta Ariana Bulkaini Bulkaini Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-24 2022-12-24 7 1 69 73 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.228 Characterization of Empty Fruit Bunch of Palm Oil as Co-firing Biomass Feedstock https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/237 <p>Empty fruit bunches of Palm Oil (EFB) are a potential source of biomass energy because they contain lignocellulose (cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin) so that they can be converted into biopellets for co-firing. The purpose of this research is to determine the raw material properties of EFB in the form of proximate, ultimate, lignin, and biopellets. Using a pelletizer, biopellets are created by adding starch as an adhesive. The raw material characteristics of EFB from proximate analysis revealed moisture content of 11.98%, ash content of 6.53%, volatile matter content of 65.15%, and fixed carbon content of 16.44%. According to the final study results, the biopellets from empty fruit bunches included 48.53% C, 6.05% H, 0.32% N, 36.8% O, and 0.08% Sulphure. The atomic ratio obtained from the final analysis results could be used to determine the calorific value that can be used for fuel; the biopellet calorific value of EFB is 4,583 kcal/kg, with Hardgrove Grindability Index (HGI) values of 78.6 and Ash Fusion Temperature (AFT) 1100<sup>o</sup>C. The lower the value of the atomic ratio contained, the higher the calorific value contained in a specific fuel.</p> Rusdianasari Rusdianasari Iwan Arissetyadhi Leila Kalsum Yohandri Bow Aida Syarif Fatahul Arifin Copyright (c) 2023 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-01-09 2023-01-09 7 1 74 78 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.237 Development of Innovative Taro-Based Product Management with Zero-Waste Concept to Increase the Independence of PKK Wanagiri https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/235 <p>The development of innovative products is currently growing rapidly producing a variety of processed products that are increasingly diverse.&nbsp; Taro tubers are one of&nbsp;&nbsp; the potential foodstuffs to be developed. Taro in addition to having carbohydrate component, also contains other components that are good for health. Taro has the disadvantage of itching when consuming taro due to the oxalate compounds contained in it. This has resulted in people being reluctant to process taro.&nbsp; This problem was experienced by one of the groups in Wanagiri Village, namely the Prosperous Family Empowerment Group (PKK) Wanagiri, which is located in Sukasada District, Buleleng Regency, Province Bali, Indonesia. The partner does not yet know the taste of taro, and does not have innovative product management made from taro. Solutions to overcome such problems are:&nbsp; providing knowledge regarding the cultivation and processing of taro, providing training on the processing of taro products (bread, nuggets and&nbsp;&nbsp; jams) and how to package, market and handle processing waste.&nbsp; The method used is active community participation.&nbsp; Community Self-Reliance Activities (KKM) in Wanagiri Village have been running smoothly. The added value of the Wanagiri PKK group and their standard of living has increased. Taro-based innovative product development with a zero-waste concept can be applied. Knowledge of how to process taro into bread, nuggets, chips and jam, product packaging, and marketing can help people to increase self-sufficiency. Mentoring activities should be carried out on an ongoing basis so that groups are able to independently make products (chips, bread, nuggets and jam), wider marketing and ultimately increased welfare.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Luh Suriati I Ketut Selamet Desak Ketut Tristiana Sukmadewi Copyright (c) 2023 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-01-09 2023-01-09 7 1 79 83 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.235 Economic Feasibility of Kemojo Cake Products Using Stevia Extract (Stevia rebaudiana B.) https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/243 <p>This study aims to determine the feasibility of kemojo cake products using stevia as a sweetener produced on an industrial scale. The research method used a descriptive method with mathematical analysis. The research begins with making assumptions and analysing parameters, components and cost structure, investment funding requirements and working capital. These parameters calculate production, revenue, and cash flow projections. Determination of the economic feasibility of kemojo cake products with Net Present Value (NPV), Incremental Rate of Return (IRR), Net B/C and Pay Back Period (PBP). The assumption of a year's production of kemojo cakes is 31,680 boxes for at IDR 35,000.00/box. The proportion of capital comes from 60% own capital and 40% credit. The average operational costs per year are IDR 675,083,359.00, variable costs IDR 549,813,919.00 and fixed costs IDR 125,269,440.00. The average income per year is IDR 1,108,800,000.00 while expenses are IDR 770,378,416.00. The profit earned was IDR 287,658,346. Profit on sales of 20.40% with 15% tax per year. This business BEP occurs in sales of an average value of Rp 338,421,584 or 25.94% of production capacity per year. The results showed that the NPV was Rp 279,583,647, the IRR was 79%, and the Net B/C was 2.22 times. Based on existing criteria or assumptions, this business is feasible to carry out with PBP for two years, or the capital invested in this business can be returned before the project ends (3 years).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dita Fitriani Kurnia Harlina Dewi Daimon Syukri Copyright (c) 2023 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-01-26 2023-01-26 7 1 84 89 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.243 Increasing the Added Value of Moringa Leaf into Processed Food Products by Family Welfare Movement (PKK) Merta Nadi Banjar Lantagidung, Gianyar, Bali https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/211 <p>Br. Lantangidung most of the people's livelihood as farmers and silver craftsmen. Some residents grow Moringa plants for their daily food consumption. The processing of food products during the pandemic is growing rapidly, resulting in increasingly diverse and widespread processed products on the market. To empower rural communities through increasing knowledge, attitudes, skills, and behavior, it is necessary to have activities and mentoring programs that are in accordance with the needs of the community. This community service activity was carried out by PKK Merta Nadi Br. Lantangidung, Sukawati District, Bali Province. Moringa leaves are an untapped commodity in Br. Lantangidung is a processed food product. The processing of Moringa leaves into various products such as chips and Moringa leaf noodles have been produced and marketed by PKK, but marketing is still limited around Banjar. PKK women do not yet have adequate entrepreneurial, production management, and marketing skills. The solution to overcome partner problems is to provide the right technology for processing Moringa leaf chips and noodles, equipment assistance, knowledge of product packaging and labeling, and marketing. The implementation of community service activities has been running smoothly. The number of participants who took part in this activity was 10 people. Based on the evaluation results, this group mastered the technology of making chips and Moringa leaf noodles to reach 100%. Further assistance is needed for the group so that the resulting Moringa leaf chips and noodle products are of higher quality, have a longer shelf life, and have a wider marketing</p> Setianingsih Ni Luh Putu Putri A.A. Made Semariyani I Wayan Sudiarta Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-01-28 2023-01-28 7 1 90 94 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.211 Classpoint as intervention strategy in teaching Business Math https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/176 <table width="828"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="492"> <p>This Action Research aims to determine the effectiveness of utilizing class point in teaching Business Mathematics among grade 11 ABM learners in the Mataas Na Paaralang Neptali A. Gonzales. This study was undertaken to identify the level of performance in Business Mathematics of Grade 11 ABM2 students of Mataas Na Paaralang Neptali A. Gonzales before and after using class point in teaching the subject. The research study participants were 29 ABM2 students during the S.Y. 2021-2022. Data were gathered through the researcher-made Mathematics Performance Test (MPT). A quasi-experimental design was used in this study. Learner-respondents came from 11 ABM2 at Mataas Na Paaralang Neptali A. Gonzales. Data were generated from the Pre-test to determine the learners' prior knowledge before using the Classpoint. Weekly Assessment in a form of teacher-made learning activity sheets which undergone quality assurance process to determine students' performance while using the classpoint in teaching Business Mathematics and Posttest was administered to determine the learners' mastery of Business Mathematics after using the classpoint. After using classpoint in teaching Business Math, there is a significant difference between the pre-test and the post test mean scores. This suggests that using class points effectively has a beneficial effect on students' achievement test.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Maryann Yusi Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-01-28 2023-01-28 7 1 95 98 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.176 Increasing the Provision of Horticultural Seeds in the Women's Farmer Group "Tunas Mekar Sari" Bakas Village, Banjarangkan District, Klungkung, Bali https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/191 <p>Agricultural products produced by the people of Bakas Village do not come from farmers who have been struggling with paddy fields, &nbsp;but with the passage of time and a change in the paradigm of the community, agricultural activities have been carried out by women who are members of a forum, namely the " Women's Farmer Group" with their activities in agriculture, namely the provision of horticultural seeds,&nbsp; the use of land owned by groups and yards of houses but has not been managed optimally and continuously. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The Community Service (PKM) was carried out in Bakas Village, Banjarangkan District, Klungkung.&nbsp; This applied research aimed to improve the understanding of nursery technology in the women’s farmer group and increase the ability to provide more complete and sustainable horticultural seeds; &nbsp;the correct and appropriate technology of horticultural crop cultivation for the group of women’s farmers is increasing so that the results obtained increase; &nbsp;hydroponically as well as aquaponics (a combination of fishery and vegetable cultivation) for sustainable land use and availability&nbsp; The implementation of service activities to achieve goals includes providing counseling materials, training, field practices, &nbsp;application of technology and assistance.&nbsp; The external targets achieved by the partner farmer women's group can increase the income and welfare of its members through the sustainable manufacture of seeds, the improvement of sustainable food with hydroponic and aquaponic systems as well as the intensive utilization of&nbsp; group-owned &nbsp;land</p> Made Sri Yuliartini Ida Bagus Komang Mahardika Anak Agung Ngurah Mayun Wirajaya Anak Agung Sagung Putri Risa Andriani Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-02 2022-09-02 7 1 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.191 Improving the Skills of Orange Farmers in Belantih Village, Bangli, in an Effort to Prevent Fruit Loss through Organic Cultivation Technology https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/192 <p>Action Research Program for Regional Leading Product Development was conducted in Belantih Village, Bangli. The purpose of this activity is to improve the skills of citrus farmers in Belantih Village, Bangli, in an effort to prevent fruit loss through organic cultivation technology. Participants are administrators and members of the Dharma Kriya farmer group. Implementation of activities using a learning by doing approach. The method of implementing the activity is through counseling and mentoring as well as technology transfer to prevent flower and fruit loss by applying techniques for pruning twigs, water shoots and unproductive branches as well as administering NPK Guano fertilizer at a dose of 500 g/tree, and spraying Agrodyke fertilizer to all parts of the plant at a dose of 500 g/tree. 40 g/l of water. The results of the counseling and mentoring showed that through the implementation of the learning by doing method, they stated that they could easily understand and understand how to do prevention technology so that flowers and fruit do not fall off easily. Based on the results of the tabulation of the questionnaire given, it was found that 92.00% of the 25 respondents stated that they were very satisfied and those who expressed satisfaction were 8.00% with the PPPUD service activities carried out, which means that there were no respondents who expressed dissatisfaction or dissatisfaction. 96.00% of respondents stated that they were very interested in practicing flower and fruit loss prevention technology in their own gardens and the remaining 4.00% said they were interested. This means that 100% of the participants are interested in implementing it in their own gardens.</p> Astiari Ni Komang Alit Ni Putu Anom Sulistiawati I Nengah Suaria Anak Agung Sagung Putri Risa Andriani Ni Made Ayu Suardani Singapurwa I Gede Sutapa Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-06 2022-09-06 7 1 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.192 Regional Leading Product Development Program (PPUD) Innovative Products Processed by Coconuts and Nuts at Sri Nadhi Business Study Group in Carangsari Village, Badung https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/200 <p>The Regional Leading Product Development Program in Carangsari Village, Petang District, Badung Regency, Bali was carried out at the Sari Nadhi Business Study Group. Processing of agricultural products, especially coconut into coconut oil, has been produced and marketed by partners, but not intensively, and partners want to have new superior products by processing local agricultural products, especially coconut and nuts to support Carangsari Tourism Village. Partners do not know the field of business management, so they experience obstacles in managing production and marketing. The solutions to solve the problems faced by partners are: Providing Appropriate Technology in processing products made from coconut and nuts; Providing knowledge about good processing methods (GMP), sanitation and processing hygiene (SSOP) storage and packaging, marketing, and business management; and provide assistance with processing equipment and business capital. The output targets that have been achieved are applied technology for processing coconut and nuts; The activity has been published in several online mass media, the turnover of the two partners has increased; Product quality and quantity increased.</p> I Wayan Sudiarta A. A. Made Semariyani Ni Made Ayu Suardani Singapurwa Ni Made Darmadi Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-08 2022-09-08 7 1 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.200 Sensory Analysis of Fish Chili Sauce With The Addition Of Fermented Cob Fish (Auxis Thazard) https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/205 <p>Fish Chili Sauce is a type of food as a side dish, which serves to arouse the appetite of consumers. By adding fermented tuna to the fish sauce, it is hoped that the fish sauce made will have a distinctive taste in Fermentation. The most essential microbes are Lactic Acid Bacteria. Lactate can improve the taste of the product and also lowers the pH of the substrate so that it can suppress the life of pathogenic microbes. The research method is the experimental method with 4 treatments and 3 replications. The results showed that the quality fish sauce formula was Treatment A (fish sauce with the addition of fermented tuna as much as 10%) with a value of 58.06% of water content, 78.92% of fat content, 1.43% of protein content, pH 5.12; &nbsp;TPC &lt;25 cfu/g sample, Color Value is 6 (Preferred), Taste Value is 7 (Highly Favored), Texture Value of 7, and Appearance Value 7</p> Ni Made Darmadi Dewa Gede Semara Edi I Wayan Sudiarta Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-12 2022-09-12 7 1 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.205 Education and Training on Making Organic Fertilizers and Biopesticides for Cocoa Farmers in Pulukan Village, Jembrana, as an effort to increase organic cocoa production https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/207 <p>Pulukan Village, Jembrana Regency, Bali, is one of the village center of organic cocoa production. The high demand for organic cocoa beans cannot be met because the production per hectare is still low. One of the reasons is that cocoa farmers in the village have difficulty obtaining organic fertilizers and biopesticides in sufficient quantities as recommended. This community service was carried out to improve the knowledge and skills of farmers in making organic fertilizers and biopesticides using local materials as an effort to increase the productivity of organically cultivated cocoa. The method of implementing the activities was through counseling and training on the manufacture of organic fertilizers and biopesticides, then followed by mentoring in the application of organic fertilizers and biopesticides resulting from training in Demonstration Plots. In training and mentoring participants were invited to work together and learning by doing. The implementation of counseling on the manufacture of organic fertilizers and biopesticides was very successful, indicated by 93.33% of participants stating that they understood very well the material being taught and 100% stating that the material presented was very interesting and very useful for them. Training activities for making organic fertilizers and biopesticides through hands-on practice resulted in participants being able to make organic fertilizers and biopesticides very well. The application of organic fertilizers and biopesticides as a result of training in demonstration plots can improve farmers' skills in direct application of fertilization methods and pest and disease control in organic cocoa cultivation. The results of the application of organic fertilizers and biopesticides in the demonstration plot showed that cocoa trees given organic fertilizers and sprayed with biopesticides had better growth and lower pest and disease attacks than controls. This encourages the participants to apply the best practices from the demonstration plots to be applied in their respective organic cocoa gardens.</p> I Nyoman Rai I Made Sudana Setiyo Yohanes I Wayan Wiraatmaja Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 7 1 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.207 Application of Hazard Analysis of Critical Control Point (HACCP) on "Urutan" Chicken Products at Dapur Ayuna Catering https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/203 <p>This Applied Research is expected to be able to identify, analyze and control the hazards that may occur in the food manufacturing process. Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) is a food safety system by analyzing materials, processes, and food products. HACCP analysis can be used as an effort to control the quality of the final product in order to meet the requirements for healthy, safe, and halal food products. Dapur Ayuna Catering is a catering company for the general public that processes traditional Balinese menus, one of which is a sequence of orders made not only made from pork but also made from chicken meat to meet the wishes of consumers who should not or are allergic to pork and casings. The sleeve used is a synthetic casing made from collagen. This company has implemented HACCP in every food production including in the manufacture of chicken orders. This type of research is descriptive with the method of observation of the production process of chicken (Balinese sausage) menus. The application of HACCP in the production process of Urutan menus is to control the temperature and time during the production process to prevent microbial growth in food.&nbsp; Of the ten applications of HACCP according to&nbsp; Indonesian National Standard SNI No. 01-4852-1998 regarding the HACCP system, only one point of application is not in accordance with SNI, namely monitoring. Monitoring activities are not carried out routinely during the empon-empon washing process in the manufacture of 'basa genep' (Bali complete spices) and the storage of the final product has not been carried out in a special freezer because it is still using a refrigerator for households so that it is still one with other product storage. The HACCP system at the Dapur Ayuna Catering for Urutan chicken products for the general public has been implemented properly starting from receiving raw materials, processing, packaging, labeling, and storage (storage freezer). Critical of every CCP that has been set by Dapur Catering Ayuna Buduk Mengwi Badung. It takes handling and prevention of contamination in every stage of the chicken menu processing process with the aim that the food consumed by consumers is safe from contamination.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> A.A.Made Semariyani I Wayan Sudiarta Ni Made Ayu Suardani Singapurwa Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 7 1 Utilization of e-Book Kotobee Reader as an Interactive Learning Tool in Developing 8th Grade Mathematical Skill https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/139 <p>When the COVID-19 pandemic broke out in our country, the education sector explored the availability of technologies that might be helpful to ensure the delivery of quality education to the learners despite the sudden shift in learning modality, that is, from face-to-face to blended learning. The Sulong Edukalidad, a move of the Department of Education to innovate Philippine Education under COVID-19 provided online training and webinars which prepared Filipino teachers in facing the new normal of the education setting. One of which is the utilization of the e-book Kotobee Readers as an interactive learning tool. E-books are one of the many software and programs being developed to enhance teaching in the field of education. E-books are publications that can give students information and instructions in the form of multimedia flexibly and efficiently, thereby supporting and improving learning. &nbsp;&nbsp;In this regard, our team aims to explore the potential of the utilization of the e-book Kotobee reader as an interactive learning tool in developing 8<sup>th</sup> Grade Mathematical skills during the Covid-19 pandemic, focusing on the average percentage of the participants before and after the utilization of the e-book, their level of performance during the utilization of the said learning material, the challenges encountered by the participants and also identifying the positive traits of Kotobee that helped the students learn. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The research design to be used for this research will be a quasi-experimental approach.&nbsp; This research design is intended for an interventional study used to estimate the impact of an interactive–based lesson using the Kotobee e-book on the Grade 8 students in developing their mathematical skills The participants involved in this research are the selected Grade 8 – Rose learners in Mataas na Paaralang Neptali A. Gonzales.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Our team implemented a series of interventions about topics in Quarter III which the lectures and activities can be found in the said e- book. Students’ usage of the Kotobee e-book app on a daily basis was tracked in an Inquiry report. Students’ scores in each activity will be tallied at the end of each quarter for assessment. This will assist us in determining how well the students performed after they have used the Kotobee e-book. A separate learning activity sheet (LAS), validated by the Master Teacher in charge of JHS Mathematics, was administered weekly to be able to validate the performance of the learners for a specific topic taught while using the e-Book. At the end of the Quarter, a post-test was administered to be able to determine the performance of the students. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Data collected showed that by using the Kotobee e-book, it has affected how well the participants do in Mathematics 8 Quarter III, as shown by the significant difference between the mean percentage scores on the pre-test and the mean percentage scores on the summative test. Students learn while using the Kotobee e-book, based on the results of their weekly assessments and their quarterly test.</p> M Otico M Pasion JAY-R DONES Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-10-03 2022-10-03 7 1 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.139 Production of Hydrogen from Seawater as Green Energy using Hydrogen Fuel Generator https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/214 <p>The decline in crude oil production in Indonesia is a burden for the nation of Indonesia. Therefore, that takes alternative energy or a new innovation is aiming to review the use of fuel oil. One such alternative is hydrogen fuel use (H<sub>2</sub>). Gas to obtain a review of hydrogen gas can be carried with how to break the air compounds (H<sub>2</sub>O) into hydrogen gas hydrogen-oxygen (HHO) or brown namely through electrolysis. Electrolysis of water is the decomposition of the compound water into oxygen and hydrogen gas by using an electric current through the water. Current will conduct electricity to the electrodes so that there will be a reduction reaction in the cathode and form hydrogen gas. Speeding up the electrolysis process required an electrolyte solution a solution that conducts electricity. In general electrolysis, processes are undertaken to produce oxygen gas and hydrogen gas using an alkaline solution.&nbsp; The alkaline solution used is a seawater electrolyte. The solution is a strong electrolyte that can conduct electric current well. The electrodes used are stainless steel pipe which is resistant to corrosion with insulating material added cotton fabric that serves as an insulator or barrier zone between the cathode and the anode. By designing a hydrogen fuel generator, hydrogen gas may be generated based on the effect of electric current. Variations of the electrical current used is 3 A, 6 A, 9 A, 12 A, 15 A, 18 A, and 21 A. The higher the electrical current supplied to the production of hydrogen gas will be many more. The production of hydrogen gas is the most widely produced on the current 21 A with 0,0478 LPM of hydrogen gas and efficiency hydrogen fuel generator at 12,9915%.</p> Yohandri Bow Rusdianasari Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-11-07 2022-11-07 7 1 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.214 Improving the Quality of Rabbit Manure in Livestock Farming Groups in The Bedugul Tourist Area, Tabanan-Bali https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/218 <p>To support the growth and development of plants in the Bedugul tourist area, in addition to using inorganic fertilizers, most farmers still use organic fertilizer derived from chicken manure which is easily obtained in large quantities from outside the Candikuning Village area. Until now, the source of organic fertilizer that can actually be used from solid and liquid rabbit manure in Candikuning Village is still not carried out further processing to improve the quality of rabbit manure as a nutrient source fertilizer for plants.&nbsp; This opportunity can actually be used by livestock farmer groups in Candikuning Village as an opportunity to supply organic fertilizer from solid and liquid rabbit manure.&nbsp; The group's problem is that solid and liquid rabbit manure has not been processed optimally, there is no house where the drying and fermentation process has not been carried out, and packaging and labeling have not been carried out. Therefore, partner groups need to be facilitated from the aspects of processing technology and improving the quality of rabbit waste, packaging and labeling, product quality testing in the laboratory, and partner group business management. This PKM program is carried out in livestock farming groups in Candikuning Village, Baturiti District, Tabanan Regency-Bali Province.&nbsp; The method used to achieve the goal is through socialization, counseling, mentoring, training, and the application of technology with direct practice in the field. In this activity, the output target that has been achieved is that the partner group is independently able to utilize solid and liquid rabbit manure waste into "SOF" (Solid Organic Fertilizer) and "LOF" (Liquid Organic Fertilizer) with good quality has been packaged and labeled so that it can compete in the market and increase the income of the partner group.</p> Anak Agung Ngurah Mayun Wirajaya Wirajaya Made Sri Yuliartini I Gusti Agus Maha Putra Sanjaya Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-11-14 2022-11-14 7 1 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.218 Application of Fermented Feed Technology and Semi-Intensive Pig Farming System in the Women's Farmer Group "Suka Nadi" Pejarakan Village, Gerokgak District, Buleleng Regency https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/216 <p>Bali pig is one of the meat-producing livestock commodities that has great potential to be developed because it has beneficial properties and abilities, but its presence on the island of Bali has begun to decline and is only found in certain areas such as in Buleleng, Karangasem, and Klungkung Regencies. Bali's pig population in Bali Province from 2017-2019 decreased by 27.51%. Likewise, it also occurs in Buleleng Regency by 26.09% and in Pejarakan Village, Gerokgak District, Buleleng Regency by approximately 50%. Some of the factors that influence this decline include feed management and the farming system. Likewise, related to the provision of animal feed ingredients derived from food crops such as corn, bananas, and peanuts, the partners have not really understood in an effort to increase the productivity of these food crops as animal feed. &nbsp;Based the enormous potential and opportunity for Balinese pigs and felt very profitable by the Suka Nadi Peasant Women's Group (KWT) in Pejarakan Village which is located 145 km from the provincial capital with a total of 28 members now still doing Balinese pig farming business on a small scale/household even though it experiences a mortality rate of 25% because in its maintenance it is still with an extensive farming system and makeshift feed. The death of the livestock is caused by being crushed by the mother and getting sick because the livestock lacks the nutrients and feed provided. The problem is that partners do not really understand efforts to increase the productivity of Bali pig livestock, especially regarding the management of the provision and feeding of their livestock. The solution provided is to provide an understanding of knowledge and skills about efforts to increase the productivity of local pig livestock, especially regarding the management of the provision and feeding with fermented feed technology and efforts to increase the productivity of food crops as animal feed ingredients. The method were surveys, interviews, discussions, counseling/training in theory and practice as well as monitoring and evaluation. The output produced is that partners have understood about efforts to increase the productivity of Bali pigs and food crops (corn) as animal feed ingredients and are able to make fermented animal feed so that the provision of feed is more quality, effective and efficient and the partners have a place to make small-scale fermented feed/households.</p> Yan Tonga I Gede Sutapa I Ketut Agung Sudewa Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-11-14 2022-11-14 7 1 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.216 Development of Ornamental Fish Cultivation to Support Fisheries Tourism In The Sari Nadi Group, Marga District, Tabanan, Bali https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/221 <p>Koi fish (<em>Cyprinus carpio</em>) is one of the ornamental fish that has a beautiful body shape and color so it has high economic value. Indicators of beauty in ornamental fish can be seen in the brilliant color, physical shape and completeness, behavior, and health conditions or stamina. These koi fish are often used as aquarium decorations and are art consumption for enthusiasts. The beauty of the color of Koi fish is in demand by the community so that farmers need to maintain the color of ornamental fish by providing feed that contains color pigments. Carotenoids are the main natural components that make up color pigments, which have a good effect on red and orange colors. Sources of carotenoids can come from spirulina which contains phycocyanin, chlorophyll-a, and carotene. Carotene is composed of xantophyll (37%), carotene (28%), and zeaxanthin (17%). Providing a source of color pigment in fish feed is one of the efforts made to get a bright color that is evenly distributed in fish. Feeding containing 8% spirulina was effective in increasing color pigmentation in the red swordtail (<em>Xiphophorus helleri</em>). The addition of 1.2% spirulina flour to artificial feed gave a very significant effect on increasing color intensity and was the highest result in increasing color intensity of Koi fish.</p> Suryani S.A.M.Putri , I G.A.D.Seri Rejeki Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-11-16 2022-11-16 7 1 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.221 Factors Affecting Farmers' Decisions in Following Rice Farming Insurance in Buay Madang Timur Sub- District https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/229 <p>This study aims to analyze the factors that influence farmers' decisions in participating in rice farming insurance &nbsp;in Buay Madang Timur Sub-District. The type of research used in this study is a quantitative descriptive method. The data analysis used in this study is multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the factors of farming experience, owned land area, number of family members, age of farmers, level of education, role of extension workers, income of rice farming businesses, success of claims, difficulty of registration and claims had a significant effect on farmers' decisions in participating in the Rice Farming Insurance(RFI) program in Buay Madang Timur Sub-District, Ogan Komering Ulu Timur Regency. The factor that most influences farmers' decisions in participating in the Rice Farm Insurance (RFI) program is the role of extension workers with a standard value of the partial regression coefficient of 6,049.</p> Niswatuwarohmah Munajat Yunita Sari Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-26 2022-12-26 7 1 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.229 The Effect of Training and Empowerment on the Performance of Supporting Officers for Increasing the Agricultural Economy at the Agricultural Extension Training Center in South Sumatra Province https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/231 <p>This study aims to analyze the effect of training and empowerment on the performance of assistant officers for improving the agricultural economy at the Agricultural Extension Training Center (BPPP) of South Sumatra Province in East OKU Regency, either partially or simultaneously. The type of research used in this study is a quantitative descriptive method. The data analysis is multiple regression analysis. The results of the study show that &nbsp;this research empirically proves that training and empowerment have a significant effect on the performance of Agricultural Economic Improvement Assistance Officers &nbsp;at the Agricultural Extension Training Center (BPPP). South Sumatra in East OKU Regency. The magnitude of the influence of training and empowerment on the performance of Agricultural Economic Improvement Assistance Officers is 87.5%, while other variables determine the remaining 12.5%. Training and empowerment policies significantly affect the performance of Agricultural Economic Improvement Assistance Officers because good performance greatly supports increased agricultural production and productivity, specifically in the District. East OKU and, in general, in the province of South Sumatra<strong>.</strong></p> Verawati Saputra Yunita Sari Rini Efrianti. Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-26 2022-12-26 7 1 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.231 The Effect Of Intensification of Rainfed Paddy Rice on the Production of Rainfed Paddy Rice in Martapura Sub-District, East OKU Regency https://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/230 <p>This study aims to analyze the effect of the intensification of rainfed lowland rice on rainfed lowland rice production in Martapura Sub-District, East OKU Regency. The type of research used in this study is a quantitative descriptive method. The data analysis used in this study is multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the rainfed lowland rice intensification program in Martapura Sub-District, East Ogan Komering Ulu Regency affected lowland rice production both partially and simultaneously. Variables use of high-yielding seeds (X1), use of dolomite (X2), use of urea fertilizer (X3), use of NPK fertilizer (X4), use of liquid organic fertilizer (X5), use of pesticides (X6) and labor (X7) have a positive effect and significant effect on lowland rice production in Martapura District, East Ogan Komering Ulu Regency. The variable that has the most influence on lowland rice production in Martapura Sub-District, East Ogan Komering Ulu Regency, is the use of superior seeds with a standard value of the partial regression coefficient (beta coefficient) of 3.099.</p> Novalina Rini Efrianti Yunita Sari Copyright (c) 2022 AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-26 2022-12-26 7 1 10.29165/ajarcde.v7i1.230