AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde <p><strong>AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment</strong> publishes papers on innovative applications, development of new technologies and efficient solutions in agriculture, engineering, computing, social, information technology, food, energy and scientific research to improve knowledge and practice in the field of purposive community change: Rural and community development, geography and regional planning, rural cooperatives, community health; capacity building, social work, community empowerment, sustainable development, human resource development; social capital, economic development, urban studies, student community service activities, and relevant subjects.</p> en-US ajarcde.safenetwork@gmail.com (Prof. Dr. Novizar Nazir) jufriadifnaam@upiyptk.ac.id (Prof. Dr. Jufriadif Na`am) Thu, 05 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0700 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Promotion of Beekeeping and Bee Product and By-Product Development at PSAU, Philippines http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/29 <p>The study is divided into two components, namely; the beekeeping status and contribution of bees as pollinators and the development of its by-products.&nbsp; The first component is on documentation of existing beekeeping activity and honey utilization in Region III; Inventory of bee plants surrounding Mt. Arayat and the contribution of the honeybee as pollinators to selected tropical fruit trees and vegetable crops. The second component, which is on the development of products and by-products came up with a honey wine formulation and eight wellness products. The general objective of this project is to promote beekeeping, its products, and by-products developed among various communities in the vicinity of Mt. Arayat and nearby municipalities of Pampanga. Beekeepers are members of the Beekeeper Association, Luzon Chapter. The type of race usually found in the research places is <em>Apis millifera </em>where the number of colonies of the Beekeepers ranges from 4 to 48. The farm size for beekeeping ranges from 1000 to 5000sq.m. Beekeepers observed proper hive placement, density, water, and management. As to training needs the beekeepers said that they need training on the global trends in beekeeping, a quality race of bees (queen) and packaging technology for honey. Eight forest trees, 12 vegetables, five field crops, 13 fruit trees, six ornamental plants, and four wild plants have so far been identified and were found within PAC surroundings and vicinity of Mount Arayat. These plants varied in their flowering time which makes them good sources of nectar and pollen all year round for the honeybees. There are plants bearing either nectar or pollen, and there are also plants that possess both the nectar and pollen. The study showed that honeybees could affect the fruit size and harvest of cashew, squash, cucumber, and tamarind fruits. The honey wine developed is very much acceptable in terms of appearance, aroma, and taste. The wellness products were very effective in the specific study conducted such as acne, wound healing, and rashes, among others. There were about 500 individuals who were afforded with either of the following technology transfer: hands-on training, seminar, orientation and the likes</p> Norman de Jesus Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/29 Thu, 05 Mar 2020 07:28:08 +0700 Mitigation And Adaptation Peatland Through Sustainable Agricultural Approaches In Indonesia: In A Review http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/30 <p><em>Rapid and massive</em><em> damage on peatland mainly due to conversion to a production system in the presence of perennial crops for the purpose of financially profitable agribusiness, such as oil palm plantations and other industries, can lead to increased greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gas emissions are influenced by biophysical processes are complex, such as peat decomposition and compaction, nutrient availability, soil water content, and soil water content. When land clearing increased significantly in the area of peatland is not followed by the application of sustainable agriculture, then, will peat land would become flammable and the greater the volume of CO<sub>2</sub> gas that emits into the atmosphere that causes global warming and climate change. This paper reviews &nbsp;about the expansion of agriculture and plantations on peatland and action needs to be done by following sustainable agricultural systems. Noting the condition of peatland that have been severely damaged due to the expansion of oil palm plantations, the mitigation and adaptation in the land through sustainable agricultural system is highly recommended to reduce the more severe damage to the peatland areas and minimize the release of CO<sub>2</sub> into the atmosphere.</em></p> Soni Sisbudi Harsono Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/30 Thu, 05 Mar 2020 07:41:59 +0700 Response of Soybean (Glycine Max (L.) Merrill) to Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/31 <p>The effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers on the growth and yield performance of soybean was evaluated at ALIAS R &amp; DE Center, Pampanga State Agricultural University, PAC, Magalang, Pampanga from December 2017 to March 2018<strong>. </strong>It was laid out in the field according to the procedures of randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. The treatments tested were T1 – No fertilizer application, T2 – 500 kg/ha of Power Organic, T3 – 21.74 kg/ha of Urea and 150 kg/ha of Super Phosphate, T4 – 250 kg/ha of Power Organic + 10.87 kg/ha of Urea and 75 kg/ha of Super Phosphate, T5 – 375 kg/ha of Power Organic + 5.44 kg/ha of Urea and 37.5/ha of Super Phosphate, T6 – 125 kg/ha of Power Organic + 16.31 kg/ha of Urea and 112 kg/ha of Super Phosphate. Results revealed that all organic and inorganic fertilizers applied crops were significantly different in terms of days to flowering, plant height at flowering, length of pods, weight of 100 seeds and computed seed yield per hectare. Cost and return analysis reveals that the highest net income and return of investment was derived from the combination of 50 % organic and 50 % inorganic fertilizer. Conjunctive use of organic and inorganic fertilizer, that is, 50 % recommended rate of organic fertilizer (Power organic) along with 50 % recommended rate of inorganic fertilizer (Urea and Super Phosphate) can enhance the growth and yield performance of soybean and can help the farmer to increase their production with higher net income.</p> Jonie C Simbulan, Norman de Jesus Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/31 Thu, 05 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Empowerment of Community with the Application of Compost on the Cultivation and Post-Harvest of Onion http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/32 <p><em>Kenagarian</em> (West Sumatra traditional village) Andaleh is located at the base of Mount Marapi in Batipuh Tanah Datar District, West Sumatra. The main livelihoods of the population are farming by planting rice, vegetable crops, ornamental plants, and cinnamon. In general, farmers in this location increase the yield of vegetables (onion) using artificial fertilizers. Sometimes it requires limited chemical fertilizer, difficult to obtain and expensive. Of course, this will burden farmers in the production of onion is a daily necessity of the community. At this location, there are many titonia plants and agricultural waste. The solution given is agricultural waste and plant processing into compost. Compost can increase growth and yield of onion bulbs. The objectives to be achieved in Community Service and Empowerment Program (KKN-PPM) activities are 1) Making compost using straw and agricultural waste and its application as organic fertilizer when mapping the red plotters, 2) Applying agricultural waste compost in the cultivation of onion 3) Processing the onion bulbs into the fried onion. The methods applied were debriefing students, counseling, training and demonstration plots with farmers. Activities that have been carried out are counseling about good onion cultivation, counseling about the benefits of organic fertilizer (compost) to 1) improve soil improvement and sources of nutrients for plants. 2) training to make compost from straw and agricultural waste using Effective Microorganism EM-4, 3) supporting compost application in onion cultivation in farmers' fields and 4) processing of fried onion.</p> Warnita Warnita, Nalwida Rozen, Novizar Nazir Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/32 Thu, 05 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0700 GCMS identification of volatile compounds in Indonesia’s specific traditional “kalio” and dried rendang http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/34 <p>Rendang is a traditional-specific food in Indonesia. Rendang is generally made with beef, coconut milk, and spices. There are two types of rendang according to its time processing. Rendang “kalio” is a final product of rendang that needs a short heating period while dried rendang is produced by the longer heating period. In the present study, the profile of the volatile compounds that most obtained from spices was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to characterize the influence of the cooking period on the flavor characteristic of two available types of rendang. There were dozens of volatile compounds identified including carboxylic, aromatic, carbonyl, and alcohols where carboxylic and aromatics were the predominant volatile fractions. The results indicated that the cooking period affected the profile of volatile compounds between "kalio" rendang and dried rendang. Carboxylic and aromatics were less in the dried rendang compared to the rendang “kalio” where others were opposites. The increase of carbonyls and alcohol during the cooking process has suggested can play a crucial role in the flavor of dried rendang.</p> Rini Rini, Daimon Syukri , Fauzan Azima Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/34 Sun, 19 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Antioxidant Activity of “Kolang Kaling” Jam which is added with “Pucuk Merah” (Syzygium oleana) Fruit Juice http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/36 <p><strong>“Kolang kaling” is the endosperm of <em>Arenga pinnata</em> seed that contains galactomannan so it can be made into jam. &nbsp;This research was aimed to study the effect of “Pucuk merah” fruit juice as a natural colorant and antioxidant sources on antioxidant activity of the jam. This research used an experimental design with different levels of the juice of “Pucuk merah” fruit (6%, 8%, 10%, and 12%). Observations were anthocyanin level (pH differential method), total phenol (by Follin-Ciocalteu method) and antioxidant activity (by DPPH method) of the jam. It was found that the addition of the concentration level of “Pucuk merah” fruit juice had a statistically significant effect on the anthocyanin and total phenol level of the jam. The more the juice was added, the higher the anthocyanin level (2.82 ± 0.13 ppm; 3.76 ± 0.29 ppm; 3.88 ± 0.11 ppm; and 4.20 ± 0.52 ppm, respectively) and the higher the total phenol level (382 ± 1.53 mg GAE/100g; 431 ± 3.06 mg GAE/100g; 540 ± 1.53 mg GAE/100g and 547 ± 6.43 mg GAE/100g, respectively). By using sensory evaluation, the best product was the addition of 12% of the juice; the antioxidant activity was 628 ppm.</strong></p> Kesuma Sayuti, Neswati Neswati, Reza Hijra; Effendi Effendi Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/36 Mon, 20 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Characteristics of Jelly Candy made from Soybean Milk and Addition of Eggshell Powder http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/37 <p>Jelly is a soft textured candy that is processed by the addition of hydrocolloid components such as agar, gum, pectin, starch, carrageenan, gelatin and others that are used for texture modification to produce a chewy product. The purpose of this study was to determine the appropriate addition of chicken eggshell powder to soy milk jelly candy characteristics and to determine panelist acceptance. &nbsp;This study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of 5 treatments: the addition of chicken eggshell powder concentrations namely 0%, 0.2%, 0.4%, 0.6% and 0.8% of the total ingredients for the manufacture of jelly candy with 3 replications. Observations on soy milk jelly candies are pH, water content, ash content, reducing sugars, sucrose, calcium, protein, water activity (aw), gel strength, total plate count, and organoleptic tests. The results showed that the difference in the addition of chicken eggshell powder concentration to soymilk jelly candy significantly affected pH, water content, ash content, reducing sugar content, sucrose, calcium, and gel strength, but did not significantly affect protein and water activity (aw). &nbsp;&nbsp;best results are soy milk jelly candy added with 0.8% chicken eggshells powder, with the highest calcium content of 0.51%, 15.46% moisture content, 1.32% ash content, 50.55% sucrose content, content reducing sugar 5.58%, protein content 2.93%, total plate rate 3.1 x 103 CFU / g, and gel strength 269.17 N / cm<sup>2</sup>.</p> Novelina Novelina, Tuty Anggraini, Lailita Nurrahmi Putri Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/37 Mon, 20 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Nutritional Value of Cookies made from the mixture of Mocaf flour (Modified Cassava Flour) and Ketapang seeds (Terminalia catappa L.) http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/38 <p><strong>Efforts in developing food products continue to be carried out such as utilizing local commodities so that non-wheat flour processing can be used as a substitute for making food products in order to overcome dependence on wheat flour. One such effort is to make cookies from local ingredients, modified cassava flour known as MOCAF (Modified cassava flour). </strong><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>This research was aimed to determine the effective </strong><strong>mixture of</strong><strong> Mocaf flour and ketapang seed on the characteristic of cookies based on </strong><strong>nutritional value.</strong><strong> The research </strong><strong>design </strong><strong>used a complete</strong><strong>ly </strong><strong>randomized design</strong><strong> (CRD)</strong><strong>, with 5 treatments and 3 replication</strong><strong>s</strong><strong>. This data was analyzed with ANOVA (analysis of variance) and if the data was significantly different analyzed continued with Duncan’s New Multiple Range Test (DNMRT) at the level 5%. The treatments used were A (100% Mocaf flour : 0% Ketapang seed), B (90% Mocaf flour : 10% Ketapang seed), C (80% Mocaf flour : 20% Ketapang seed), D (70% Mocaf flour : 30% Ketapang seed), E (60% Mocaf flour : 40% Ketapang seed). The results showed that the Mocaf flour and ketapang seed </strong><strong>comparison </strong><strong>significantly influenc</strong><strong>ed</strong><strong> the protein content, fat content, energy, texture, free fatty acid, and carbohydrate content, but not significantly </strong><strong>affect </strong><strong>moisture content and ash content. </strong></p> Rina Yenrina, Tuty Anggraini, Annesa Kadri Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/38 Mon, 20 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0700 The Concept of Green Human Resource Management in Industry http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/35 <p>The integration of environmental management into Human&nbsp; Resource Management (HRM) is called Green HRM.&nbsp; There is a growing need for the application of Green HRD in industry.&nbsp; The objective of this review is to explore green human resource management practices of organizations in the industry based on the existing literature.&nbsp; Based on this review, it is concluded that by understanding and increasing the scope and depth of green HRM practices, organizations can improve their environmental performance in a more sustainable manner than before. The green HRM practices are more powerful tools in making organizations and their operations in industry green. The green performance, green behaviors, green attitude, and green competencies of human resources can be shaped and reshaped through the adaptation of green HRM practices.</p> Riandy Mardhika Adif, Jufriadif Na`am, Novizar Nazir Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/35 Sun, 19 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Application of Tithonia Compost as Alternative Synthetic Fertilizer Source N and K on Young Oil Palm Plantation http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/40 <p>Currently, large oil palm plantations are cultivated on ultisol. Ultisol has various constraints in its utilization for the cultivation of plants, because it has high exchangeable Al, low pH, low soil organic nutrient contained, and soil nutrients such as N, P, K, Ca, Mg.&nbsp; Large quantities and continuous fertilizer are needed for a long time. To solve these problems required to look for alternative fertilizers. These alternative fertilizers are expected to reduce the use of synthetic fertilizers without decreasing production and are available forever. Efforts to produce that location organic matter are the right choice. Tithonia can be grown in the form of alley cropping at young palm plantations. A series of experiments have been conducted at Andalas University experimental farm in Padang, West&nbsp; Sumatra Province. This study used the Factorial design.&nbsp; The treatments are tithonia compost and Lime application. There are 3 rd compost doses in 3 replication each treatment. The experimental obtained that tithonia compost dosage 25% and 50% + 25% and 50% synthetic fertilizer were changed soil chemical properties such as increased 0.94 units soil pH, availability of nutrient contained; 6.22% C-organic, 0.25% N-total, 0.37me/100g&nbsp;&nbsp; exchangeable K, 2.74 me/100g exchangeable-Ca, 0.29 me/100g exchangeable-Mg, in the soil, as well as the decrease of exchangeable Al. Furthermore supporting plant growth such as (plant height, plant length,&nbsp; and the number of the leaf).&nbsp; Liming not significantly different for soil chemical properties and growth of oil palm. The higher the compost dose is given the better the growth of oil palms. Cultivation of tithonia as alley cropping at oil palm plantation&nbsp; can be used as composite materials for synthetic fertilizer substitute source N and K</p> Enita Enita, Hermansyah Hermansyah, Teguh Budi Prasetyo Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/40 Tue, 28 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Formulation and Evaluation of Sun Block Lotion Made from Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) with the addition of the Extract of Telang Flower (Clitoria ternatea, L) and Pandan Leaves (Pandanumusa paradisiaca, L) http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/39 <p>Telang flowers (Clitoria ternatea, L) and pandan leaves (Pandanus paradisiaca) are plants that contain phytochemical components that are able to block sunlight from exposing the skin. While Virgina Coconut Oil (VCO) is able to moisturize and soften the skin. This study aims to determine the best formulation in protecting sunlight in application to the skin, as well as knowing the physical and chemical characteristics of skin lotion. This research uses an exploratory method with 2 treatments and 3 replications. The treatment is the addition of telang flower extract and pandan leaf extract to the VCO skin lotion. Evaluation is carried out on the physical and chemical properties and the level of panelist preference. The results showed different results from the two formulations, the highest protection value to the sun was the addition of telang flower extracts expressed by SPF 20.64, the antioxidant activity of 81.66%, pH of 6, 0.012% free fatty acids, a specific gravity of 0.94, 34880 cP viscosity, 65.25% stability, 6.0 cm spreadability, total plate count of &nbsp;1.3 x 10<sup>-10</sup> cfu / ml.</p> Nia Boru Ritonga, Rini Rini, Tuty Anggraini Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/39 Tue, 21 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0700