AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde <p><strong>AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment</strong> publishes papers on innovative applications, development of new technologies and efficient solutions in agriculture, engineering, computing, social, information technology, food, energy and scientific research to improve knowledge and practice in the field of purposive community change: Rural and community development, geography and regional planning, rural cooperatives, community health; capacity building, social work, community empowerment, sustainable development, human resource development; social capital, economic development, urban studies, student community service activities, and relevant subjects.</p> Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network) en-US AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment 2581-0405 The Analysis of Eating Habits of Hyperuricemia Sufferers in Padang City http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/42 <p><em>Hyperuricemia is </em>a condition when uric acid levels in the blood are higher than normal. It can lead to several diseases, like gout. The data from the Health Office of Padang City in 2013-2015 show that gout is included in the category of 10 most diseases in Padang City. The typical foods of West Sumatera contain high-protein. This may correlate with the increase in the number of hyperuricemia sufferers in Padang City, West Sumatera. The aim of this study is to know the eating habits of hyperuricemia sufferers in Padang City. This research method was explorative-descriptive using a survey conducted on respondents of hyperuricemia sufferers. The respondents surveyed were thirty-seven people, randomly assigned to the patients of health facilities in Padang City. The results indicated that hyperuricemia sufferers are under and above 40 years old. Animal source foods stated by respondents that can increase uric acid were <em>tunjang, cancang,</em> and beef liver. Meanwhile, plant source foods stated by respondents that can increase uric acid were legumes <em>(melinjo/emping, tauco, dan gado-gado/lotek/pical), </em>leafy greens (cassava leaf, spinach, and kale) and fruits (durian, jack fruit, and banana). Ginger, red ginger, and garlic are believed by the respondents to reduce gout.</p> Cesar Welya Refdi Rina Yenrina Kesuma Sayuti PY Fajri Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  2020-06-29 2020-06-29 4 2 1 4 10.29165/ajarcde.v4i2.42 Success Factors of Technology Graduates in Selected State Universities and Colleges of the Philippines: Basis for Program Enhancement http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/41 <p>This study aimed to determine the success factors of technology program graduates in selected State Universities and Colleges (SUCs) of the Philippines. The independent variables are respondents’ demographics, accreditation status of the technology programs, the morale of respondent, and the practices in the curricular, teaching-learning and assessment, facilities and learning resources, student affairs services, and the organization and management aspects of the technology program while the dependent variables are the graduation rate, graduates’ employment rate, employment status, length of time in acquiring the first job, and monthly income/salary. Findings revealed that the longer the length of service of the faculty, the higher is the graduation rate of the SUCs; State Universities and Colleges with more female faculty generated more graduates than those with more male faculty; the more the SUCs implement the practices in the organization and management of the technology programs, the better the employment rate and higher employment status of their graduates; and State Universities and Colleges with faculty having a shorter length of service generated more graduates with higher employment status and less waiting time before acquiring the first job. Besides, the respondents’ sex and length of service predict the graduation rate while the length of service predicts the graduation status and the length of time of the graduates in acquiring the first job. Moreover, the organization and management significantly predict the employment rate and employment status of graduates.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Luis Jr. Dulnuan Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  2020-08-02 2020-08-02 4 2 5 13 10.29165/ajarcde.v4i2.41 Analysis of Cocoa Supply Chain Risk in Kare Village, Madiun District with Method Analytic Network Process http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/43 <table width="662"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="393"> <p>Cocoa is one of the plantation commodities whose role is quite important for the national economy of Indonesia. However, the cocoa industry faces several problems including the various risks involved in the cocoa supply chain. The aim of this study were: 1) Identifying risks in the cocoa supply chain 2) Analyzing the members of the supply chain with the highest risk 3) Evaluating and mitigating cocoa supply chain risks effectively and efficiently. An integrated analytic network process (ANP) and weighted failure mode effect analysis (WFMEA) method will be used to determine and analyze the highest risk in the cocoa supply chain. The results of the priority of the members of the value chain in the cocoa supply chain risk management are SMEs (0.43801), with the risk having the highest priority is production risk (0.29262) as well as alternative strategic priorities namely by increasing income (0.28754). The results of risk control are mainly focused on efforts to increase the income of cocoa farmers by utilizing cocoa processing byproducts such as cocoa bean pulp and cocoa pod husks. The cocoa bean pulp can be processed into nata products and cocoa juice, while the cocoa pod skin can be used as fertilizer.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Risqi Firdaus Setiawan Pawana Nur Indah Endang Yektiningsih Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  2020-08-05 2020-08-05 4 2 14 19 10.29165/ajarcde.v4i2.43 Analysis and Development of Cocoa Agribusiness in Kare Village, Madiun District, East Java http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/45 <p>Cocoa is one of the plantation commodities whose role is quite important for the national economy, especially as a provider of employment, a source of income, and foreign exchange. Financial profit is a necessity in exploiting a commodity. The market aspect is one of the determining factors for the success of cocoa plantation operations. So the results of the analysis above are combined with stakeholder opinions on the development of cocoa agribusiness. The objectives of this study are: 1) Analyzing the financial feasibility of cocoa farming 2) Analyzing cocoa farming chain and marketing margins 3) Identifying stakeholders' opinions on alternative decision making for cocoa agribusiness development 4) Developing cocoa agribusiness development directives. Financial feasibility analysis methods (NPV, Net B / C, IRR, Payback Period, and Sensitivity Analysis), marketing analysis (chain analysis and marketing margins), and Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). The results showed that: (1) Cocoa farming is feasible to be developed financially, because the value of NPV&gt; 0, Gross B / C&gt; 1, Net B / C&gt; 1, IRR&gt; applicable interest rate, and return on capital with a time limit less than 20 years. The sensitivity of cocoa farming occurs in decreasing production. Where cocoa farming is still feasible if these conditions occur. (2) Marketing chains and margins, namely, there are two cocoa marketing channels, marketing margins of IDR 5,000 and IDR 2,000. (3) The selection of alternatives that greatly affect the development of cocoa agribusiness is market factors, HR factors, and technology factors. The direction of agribusiness development needed is the availability of a market that has stable cocoa prices for farmers, the availability of skilled human resources in cultivation and post-harvest technology that is able to provide greater added value to cocoa.</p> Nisa Hafiidhoh Fitriana Indra Tjahaja Amir Pawana Nur Indah Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  2020-08-30 2020-08-30 4 2 20 25 10.29165/ajarcde.v4i2.45 Academic Quality Compliance of Public Secondary Schools in the City Schools Division of San Jose Del Monte Bulacan: Input to Strengthen Institutional Profiling http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/53 <table width="662"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="393"> <p>This study was conducted to determine the level of academic quality compliance of public secondary high schools and its predictors as input to strengthen institutional profiling. The respondents of the study were 167 teachers and school managers in (9) public secondary junior high schools in the City Schools Division of San Jose del Monte Bulacan for the School Year 2017-2018. The descriptive research design was used employing the predictive technique in determining the influence of respondents’ profile, institutions’ profile variables and the management capability factors as the academic quality compliance of the schools. The findings revealed that the schools’ academic quality compliance on leadership and governance is predicted by the NAT (Beta = .431), promotion rate (Beta= 1.170), and enrollment rate (Beta = .747).&nbsp; The management capability on quality instruction predicts the schools’ academic quality compliance on curriculum and learning (Beta = .971) and the academic quality compliance on accountability and continuous improvement is influenced by the management capability on quality instruction. The promotion rate of the school predicts the academic quality compliance of the school in the area of management of resources (Beta =.671). The hypothesis stating that the respondent's profile, institutional profile, and management capability, singly or combination predict the schools' academic quality compliance is partly sustained.&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Thelma Manabat Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  2020-08-29 2020-08-29 4 2 26 29 10.29165/ajarcde.v4i2.53 Life Cycle Assessment of Local Rice Production at Limau Manis Padang, West Sumatra http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/44 <p>Limau Manis is an area that is famous for producing rice, known as 'Sokan Limau Manis rice'. The development of sokan rice as a local product of Padang City can encourage increased rice production. The increase in production will affect the quality of the environment as a result of the entire series of sokan rice production activities. To find out the amount of emissions that can be generated from the Sokan Limau Manis rice production process, it is necessary to do an analysis using a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). The LCA method can help identify and analyze the production cycle, the stages of the process, the flow of materials and materials as well as the energy that occurs during the rice production process in a comprehensive manner. Furthermore, the LCA method is able to provide an overview of the environmental impacts that can be generated from a series of rice production processes in which the implementation uses input raw materials that have the potential to damage the environment such as the use of chemical fertilizers. This research was conducted in Limau Manih Village, Pauh District, Padang City. The data used are primary data obtained from field observations and interviews with related parties. Primary data include the life cycle of rice, input and output of raw materials needed at each stage of the life cycle, as well as the use of tools and machinery at each stage of the life cycle. Secondary data includes the way the calculations are carried out, the value of emissions, and energy conversion. Sokan rice production system includes cultivation activities, rice refining until the final rice product is obtained requires input and energy consumption in the form of seeds, fertilizer, and diesel fuel as fuel. The development of Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) in the LCA analysis helps facilitate the process of data inventory in identifying the flow of raw materials in one production cycle of a product. The results of the analysis show that sokan rice produces emissions of 1.94 kg CO2eq / kg of rice produced with a total energy use value of 11,363.7 MJ / ton of rice. The largest CO2 emissions come from production and transportation activities, while the largest value of non-CO2 emissions comes from the stage of rice cultivation in the form of CH4 emissions. The value of CH4 emissions is influenced by the high use of fertilizers on the land. The improvement of the current system is more focused on reducing the consumption of synthetic fertilizers and increasing the use of organic materials and reuse of production waste to reduce the value of emissions on land and the environment</p> Shabrina Nashya Aswin Wiwit Juita Sari Nurul Hathiqah Rahma Dzulqa Dzulqa Idil Saputra Rilda Gumala Aprialis Aprialis Rahmatika Rahmatika Novizar Nazir Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  2020-06-29 2020-06-29 4 2 20 27 10.29165/ajarcde.v4i2.44 In Vitro Starch Digestibility and Total Carotenoid of Corn from Various Ways of Processing http://ajarcde-safe-network.org/index.php/index.php/ajarcde/article/view/55 <p><strong>This research aims to study in vitro starch digestibility, total carotenoid, and nutritional content from various ways of corn processing. </strong><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>The design used in this study was explorative with six treatments is raw, boiled, steamed, roasted, fried, and puffing. The results showed that the lowest water content was found in popcorn (0.93%), the lowest ash content in raw corn (0.52%), the lowest fat content in raw corn (0.61%), the highest protein content in raw corn (8.80%), the highest starch content in popcorn (59.19%), the lowest amylose content in fried corn (19.56%) and the highest amylopectin in fried corn (80.44%), FFA content (0.33%) in fried corn, the highest carotenoid content (11.05 μg/g) was found in raw corn and the lowest carotene content(6.01 μg/g) was found in popcorn, the lowest starch digestibility (47.36%) was found in raw corn</strong></p> Rina Yenrina Fauzan Azima Rani Liganti Heriyenni Heriyenni Copyright (c) 2020 AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  2020-07-08 2020-07-08 4 2 30 36 10.29165/ajarcde.v4i2.55